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Kaho'olawe, 1971-2003

Identifier: MANUSCRIPT HCPC00011
This series documents the decades-long effort to return and restore the island of Kaho‘olawe, which, since 1941, had been used by the U.S. military as a target complex. Materials include correspondence, primarily among Senator Inouye, the U.S. Navy, and the Protect Kaho‘olawe ‘Ohana (PKO), environmental impact statements, archaeological surveys, decontamination studies exploring the feasibility and cost of clearing the island of unexploded ordnance, legislation appropriating funds for studies and cleanup operations, correspondence and other documents attesting to the importance of Kaho‘olawe to the United States’s military readiness, and reports describing the cultural significance of the island. Correspondence relating to the Rim of the Pacific (RIMPAC) international maritime exercises and to access to Kaho‘olawe during the makahiki season, as well as news clippings and testimonies, are also present.

The bulk of the material resides within the “Reference Material’ subseries (consistent with the filing system devised by Inouye’s staff). Unlabeled material was assigned to appropriate subseries by the Archives staff.


  • From the Collection: Majority of material found within 1959 - 2012

Conditions Governing Access

Access restrictions apply to certain records in the papers that have been determined to contain sensitive personal or government information. Series assessed to contain sensitive information will remain closed until 2028 with the exception of Constituent Services Case Work, which contains high levels of personal identifiable information. Constituent Services Case Work will be available to requesting individuals upon review and approval of the archivist or librarian managing the Property. Individual files or records assessed to contain sensitive information may also carry restrictions. Series assessed with medium risk may be made available to the researcher after the files are reviewed for sensitive information or formats. Series assessed to be of low risk of disclosing sensitive information may be open and available to researchers.

Low risk: The following series pose little risk of revealing sensitive information and could be made available to the public with little harm: Administrative Files, Campaign Files, Constituent Services(Correspondence and Projects), House Records, Kaho’olawe, Native Hawaiian Issues, Japanese Latin American Internment, Personal, Political Affairs, Speeches, Scheduling Files, Medal of Honor, Legislative Files, Photographs, Public Relations, Books, and Subject Files.

Medium risk: ABSCAM, Staff Files, Born-Digital (format-based), Microfilm.

Series with sensitive information: Constituent Services (Case Work), Watergate, Iran-Contra, and subseries containing records related to military and defense appropriations.

The Hawaiʻi Congressional Papers Collection is accessible in the University Archives and Manuscripts Department's John Troup Moir, Jr., and Gertrude M.F. Moir Archives Reading Room. For more information, please contact the Congressional Papers Archivist by email:, or phone: 808-956-6047.


1.67 Linear Feet (4 archival document boxes)

Repository Details

Part of the University of Hawaii at Manoa Libraries Repository